A Congressional campaign committee refers to a national political action committee tasked with electing candidates to Congress. According to the Federal Election Commission, the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee and the National Republican Campaign Committee raise millions of dollars each year for political endeavors. These organizations disperse funds for use on Congressional campaigns to provide support staff and produce advertisements and messaging to increase voter turnout.
As political action committees, Congressional campaign committees do not have preset limits on funds from individual donors. This allows the committees to raise more money than candidates' campaigns can raise on their own. The committees then spend money on those campaigns, typically without direct contributions. The committees create separate advertisements from the actual candidates' ads. They also hire field and communications staff to work on behalf of the candidate campaigns and provide contacts and endorsements.
Many Congressional campaign committees wait until after primary season to channel funds to specific candidates. The committees also work in non-election cycles to develop their party messages.
The committees target specific Congressional races with candidates whom they assess as having high likelihoods of winning their races. These races attract national press, donations and highly skilled campaign operatives for strategy and field campaigns.