When Is Congress in Session?


Quick Answer

Congress is typically divided into two annual sessions of the Senate. In 2015, the 114th Congress is in the first session, which began on January 6, 2015. The previous, 113th Congress held two sessions: January 3, 2013 to January 3, 2014 and January 3, 2014 to December 16, 2014.

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When Is Congress in Session?
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Full Answer

The Constitution mandates that Congress must assemble at least once each year. A Congress is defined as a two-year period of legislative business for the Senate. There are several types of sessions, including closed, joint and extraordinary. A closed session is not open to the public, but the dates of these sessions are public knowledge. A joint session is when both the Senate and the House meet together. An extraordinary session can be requested by the President during a recess.

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