What Is Composite Risk Management?

Composite risk management is a decision-making tool used by the army to identify, assess and control hazards that can kill or injure recruits, damage equipment, or otherwise hinder operations, functions and missions. CRM is a continuous process that enables the army commanders to balance risks against potential benefits.

There are five critical steps of CRM, which include identifying hazards; assessing hazards to ascertain the risk; developing controls and making the right decision; implementing controls; and then supervising and evaluating the outcome. For effective CRM, you must integrate the process into all phases of army missions, operations, functions and activities that are both on-duty or off-duty. Additionally, all decisions must be made at the appropriate levels of command.

Hazards are identified during tactical mission-planning by applying a METT-TC framework. A METT-TC framework is a mnemonic used by the U.S. army to help commanders to remember and prioritize what they had analyzed in the initial stages of CRM.

Risk can be divided into two major categories: tactical and accidental risk. Though these are the two key areas of concern of CRM, it does not matter how, when or where the loss occurs, the outcome is the same: mission ineffectiveness or decreased combat power.