The three main categories of tort include intentional torts, negligent torts and strict liability torts, according to the Legal Information institute of Cornell University. People file torts when seeking relief for a civil wrong. Torts are not crimes, and they usually do not result with incarceration of the defendant.
A tort claim is meant to rectify a civil wrong that affects a person's economic condition, social standing or reputation, physical health or psychological well-being, says the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. Many tort claims revolve around malfunctioning products and services, injury or property damage.
An intentional tort is a civil wrong where the defendant knew or should have known his actions would produce harmful consequences, the Cornell Legal Information Institute explains. A negligence tort is when someone's unsafe action showed a disregard for the law and the welfare of another person, such as disobeying a traffic control device. Strict liability tort is when a person is held liable for something without regard to a degree of negligence.
Trespassing, assault and battery, intentional infliction of emotional distress and product liability are specific torts, notes the Cornell Legal Information Institute. If a party is successful in a lawsuit, he may receive an award for financial damages.