Some common cases in small claims court concern unsatisfactory repair work, loan disputes, failure to return a security deposit and disputes over service contracts, says Nolo. In some states, small claims courts decide a few other types of disputes, such as failure to return a piece of property and eviction proceedings.
Small claims courts primarily settle monetary disputes, and depending on the state, amounts may not exceed limits that range from $3,000 to $10,000, explains Nolo. The court may not allow some claims even if they satisfy the dollar limits. Several types of legal principles address different kinds of monetary disputes, and small claims courts generally allow all of these. Personal injury, breach of warranty, intentional harm and breach of contract cases are all valid suits for small claims.
Examples of proceedings that small claims do not permit include divorce, name change, bankruptcy and guardianship, according to Nolo. Small claims courts do not hear Injunctions intended to provide temporary relief from someone involved in illegal activity. Some states do not allow grievances concerning slander, libel or false arrest in small claims. Those who wish to file suits against any federal entity or employee must take them to a federal court, such as the Court of Claims. A federal Tax Court is the sole entity that handles tax issues involving amounts less than $50,000 for any single year.