The most common disabilities claimed under the American Disabilities Act are spinal injuries, mental impairments, neurological impairments, substance abuse and vision impairments, according to the LegalBrief Law Journal. Hearing and heart impairments are also common.
Post-traumatic stress syndrome, depression and bipolar disorder are mental in nature, while migraines and nervous system disorders are neurological. Spinal injuries generally occur with back injuries, which, as a whole, account for nearly 20 percent of claims under the American Disabilities Act, explains the LegalBrief Law Journal. Extremity impairments, such as carpal tunnel syndrome and permanent damage to the hands or feet, are also frequent problems.