U.S. federal laws pertaining to housing include the Federal Fair Housing Act and the Americans With Disabilities Act, explains Arizona State University. Additionally, there are many state and local statutes relating to housing, such as the Arizona Fair Housing Act and the Phoenix City Neighborhood Preservation Ordinance.
The Federal Fair Housing Act criminalizes the discrimination of tenants because of national origin, familial status, color, race, religion and sex, explains Justia. The Americans With Disabilities Act requires landlords to provide disabled tenants with accommodation of reasonable quality.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits the discrimination of disabled individuals in federally funded activities and schemes and requires landlords to finance any reasonable modifications that tenants may request, Fair Housing Resources explains. The Architectural Barriers Act of 1968 requires that structures leased, modified, built or designed with certain federal funds after September 1969 be accessible to disabled individuals.
Virtually all states have statutes that require landlords to fulfill an implied warranty of habitability towards their tenants, explains Nolo. The basic principle underlying this law posits that, by leasing out property, landlords are implicitly claiming that the structures in question are sound. Among other requirements, the warranty of habitability and associated laws demands that property owners properly maintain a building's structural elements, such as walls and roofs.