Why is colonial administration unstable?


Quick Answer

Colonial administration can be unstable because the rulers and policymakers in the colony's home countries often do not understand the circumstances in the colony. Therefore, their policies often create resentment in both colonists and the native population.

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Full Answer

Colonies are unstable in general, because they are consist of a relatively small group of outsiders taking control of a land with a native population. This is usually accomplished through superior weaponry, as well as recruiting the assistance of some natives through payment and promises of wealth. Historically, colonization has often involved the displacement, enslavement and abuse of native peoples. This creates an unstable environment from the beginning, as the indigenous people may fight wars or stage rebellions in an effort to protect their land and way of life.

Colonial administration generally refers to a colony that is ruled by the government of the home country, as opposed to indirect rule which allows the colonists and native populations to have their own government. The colonists are usually required to pay taxes and other fees to the government of their home country, but may receive little support in exchange and have no influence on policies. A famous example of this is the American Revolution, although the American colonies had some elements of indirect rule as well. The Democratic Republic of Congo was another famous case of colonial administration. It was so poorly mismanaged by the Belgian King Leopold II that, as of 2015, the country still remains unstable and dangerous even after the end of colonial administration.

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