A civil offense is a private dispute between people or organizations. These disputes generally involve legal duties and responsibilities. Civil offenders are subject to heavy fines and judicial orders.Continue Reading
A civil case begins when a person or entity (the plaintiff) files a complaint against another for failure to fulfill its legal duty owed to the plaintiff. After this complaint has been filed and served, the other party has an opportunity to respond with an answer or demurrer. Following this response, the plaintiff carries the burden of proof in order to justify his claims.
Many cases take years to settle or approach trial. However, civil trials are relatively rare. There are two types of trials: bench trials and jury trials. Bench trials are decided by the judge, while jury trials are decided by a panel of randomly selected jurors. The plaintiff has an opportunity to request a jury trial after he has filed and served his complaint.
Civil suits very similar to criminal suits, but they differ in punishments and offenses. Criminal cases arise from offenses that may be harmful to society as a whole. In addition, the same conduct may result in both civil and criminal offenses. For example, the O.J. Simpson trial was both civil and criminal. O.J. Simpson was on trial for murder in a criminal suit and wrongful death in a civil suit for the same act.Learn more about Crime
A physical altercation is defined as being an argument, dispute or altercation that involves force or physical aggression. Physical altercations differ from verbal altercations because physical contact is involved. These types of disputes are sometimes referred to as fights and may legally qualify as battery.Full Answer >
A crime is a charge by the state or federal government on behalf of its citizens against a person accused of violating the law while a civil wrong is wrongdoing that causes damages and thus requires compensation or repayment. A crime falls under criminal law while a civil wrong is addressed under the civil law.Full Answer >
Biker gangs are not considered terrorist organizations in the United States, but are instead classified as Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs by the Department of Justice. In terms of domestic terrorists, the Federal Bureau of Investigations specifically lists white supremacist groups, eco-terrorists, extremist militias, anarchic extremists and sovereign citizens' movements.Full Answer >
Finding help for prisoners requires researching companies and organizations that have programs designed to assist prisoners with rehabilitation. Prisoner Assistant and Prisoner Assistance Scholastic Service are two companies that provide educational and social tools for prisoners and those who wish to help someone incarcerated. Supporters of prisoners can also contact the prison and inquire about rehabilitation programs supported by the facility. Some prisons allow inmates to pursue college degrees. State social service agencies can recommend local ex-offender programs.Full Answer >