As of 2015, large cities with high murder rates in the United States include Detroit, New Orleans, St. Louis and Baltimore; crime statistics place these four cities at the rank of seventh, ninth, 13th and 14th, respectively. The top spots in murder rate rankings are mostly occupied by small- and medium-sized cities, with the top four being East St. Louis, Illinois; Camden, New Jersey; Gary, Indiana; and Chester, Pennsylvania, according to Neighborhood Scout.
As of 2015, the highest murder rates in the United States are generally found in cities either east of or along the Mississippi River, however California has several major exceptions to this generalization; the cities of Compton, East Palo Alto, Oakland and San Bernadino have murder rates that are 14th, 20th, 27th and 28th in U.S. rankings, respectively. Only two state capitals rank amongst the cities with the highest murder rates in the United States; Jackson, Mississippi, and Baton Rouge, Louisiana rank, 19th and 30th respectively, notes Neighborhood Scout.
Internationally, many of the highest murder rates are in Latin America. A 2012 study by the United Nations examined the homicide rates of the most populous cities of 137 countries and found six of the world's most murderous were in Central America and South America. Caracas, Venezuela; Guatemala City, Guatemala; Belize City, Belize; Tegucigalpa, Honduras; Panamá City, Panamá; and San Salvador, El Salvador, ranked second, third, fourth, fifth, eighth and ninth in the world respectively, states the Guardian.