A children's home, more commonly known as an orphanage, is a residential institution with the primary concern of caring for orphans, children who have been left with absolutely no parental guidance. A children's home temporarily houses and tends to children with the intent of offering foster care and adoption services.
Children's homes run by religious organizations emerged in the United States during the 18th and 19th century. After World War II, multitudes of orphanages were closed due to concerns over poor conditions, discriminatory policies, insufficient funding, lack of emotional and mental health support, poor food and a general low-standard of quality and protection. As of 2014, the vast majority of children's homes have been replaced with smaller institutions that attempt to provide children with a boarding-school type of environment.