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Why was the No Child Left Behind Act created?

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Quick Answer

The No Child Left Behind Act was created to expand the federal government's role in overall education and improve the quality of education for all students, especially the disadvantaged. George Bush enacted it into law in 2002 during his term as United States President as an update to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.

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Full Answer

The No Child Left Behind Act holds schools responsible for the progress of all students and especially those at a disadvantage. As of 2015, student progress is now measured by annual state tests given at specified grade levels, and the results are compared to the standards set forth by the act. Schools that do not meet the standards of the No Child Left Behind Act are subject to take corrective measures, including offering students the option to transfer to a better performing school. Schools or districts that continuously fail to meet standards may risk having to make governance changes and also risk losing up to 10 percent of their Title I funding.

The No Child Left Behind Act requires states to ensure that they hire highly qualified teachers and that these teachers are spread equally among students with disadvantages. Starting with the 2002-2003 school year, the act requires all new teachers hired with Title I money to be highly qualified.

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