The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 is the primary federal law authorizing government spending on programs supporting education from kindergarten through grade 12. It is the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, which represents the country's most substantial source of funding for elementary and secondary school education, according to the New America Foundation's Federal Education Budget Project.Continue Reading
NCLB authorized 45 educational programs and provided $25.7 billion to states in fiscal year 2014, notes the New America Foundation. When the law was reauthorized, it included changes to the way states qualified for funding. NCLB put in place a system of student testing and assessment and required schools to demonstrate accountability and measurable educational improvement. Under NCLB, states are required to test students in reading, math and science through grade 12. Individual schools, school districts and each state must make test results available to the public. The testing information must be presented in the aggregate and for specific student subgroups, including low-income students, students with disabilities and English-language learners.
According to New America Foundation's Federal Education Budget Project, one of the biggest programs under NCLB is the Title I program. This program provides funds to school districts to improve the educational services delivered to disadvantaged students. It provides funding for tutoring and other educational-support services.Learn more about Law
The Affordable Health Care Act is a law establishing a set of health care reforms, including offering affordable health insurance to all Americans. It was signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Health insurance reforms will roll out during the course of 4 years.Full Answer >
The Safe Medical Devices Act is a federal act signed into law in 1990 that mandates health providers to report deaths or injuries suspected to have been caused by medical devices to the FDA and the product manufacturer. According to Congress.gov, the bill was sponsored by Representative Henry Waxman in 1989 as H.R. 3095, and it was enacted into law as Public Law No. 101-629.Full Answer >
The Family and Medical Leave Act was signed into law on Feb. 5, 1993 by President Bill Clinton, according to The Atlantic. The FMLA has its origins in President Ronald Reagan's terms in office, but President George H.W. Bush vetoed the legislation.Full Answer >
The Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) of 1974 is a law that sets a minimum standard for pension and healthcare plans in private industry, according to the United States Department of Labor. Under this act, companies must provide adequate information regarding plan features and funding and provides an appeals process to help people get benefits.Full Answer >