The main distinguishing characteristic of the presidential form of government is that the head of government is also the head of state, leading an executive branch but not a legislative one. There are a number of countries around the world that are presidential republics with a full presidential system. The United States is one, as are Mexico and Brazil.Continue Reading
Although the presidential systems in use around the world work differently, they all share some common characteristics.
Advantages of the presidential system
Since a presidential government has two independent structures, each one can monitor and check the other, preventing abuses of power. Moreover, since the elected executive is in office for a fixed period of time, the country can enjoy periods of stability. Lastly, since the president is usually elected directly, there is popular support for the office's strong powers.
A military dictatorship is an autocratic form of government in which military leaders govern the state. Normally, they result from a coup that topples the government. Military dictatorships are prevalent in countries where the military has stronger cohesion than other social institutions.Full Answer >
Totalitarianism is a form of government where the state has total power, but in a democracy, the people of a country (or region) vote to elect leaders who act on their behalf. A totalitarianism government typically has a dictator that leads it, like Benito Mussolini in Italy during World War II.Full Answer >
Though many people argue that bureaucracy is influencing the branches of government, it's not an actual branch of the government. The argument about bureaucracy is supported by the unofficial "fourth branch of government," which refers to those outside the three branches who influence decisions and the people.Full Answer >
A parliamentary republic government is a government system that operates under a parliamentary system where an executive branch is held accountable to the legislature. The majority of these governments are led by a head of state while others are led by a mixed leadership of a head of state plus the government head.Full Answer >