India faces a number of democratic challenges that may include low voter turn out, minority groups being ignored, too much propaganda and too many short-term policies. The country passed its constitution on November 26th, 1949 in which its democratic ideals and structures of government are laid out
Voter Turnout: If a large number of voters fail to turn out, as recorded on several occasions, it is difficult to determine whether the people elected to office truly represent the wishes of the citizenry or not. A larger voter turn out is a more accurate way to determine the wishes and ideals of the majority of the citizenry.
Short-Term Policies: Since elected leaders only have a limited time in serving the country, it behooves them to come up with short-term policies to remain relevant. This means that the country cannot enjoy stable economic, social and political growth as newly elected officials must constantly come up with new ways of doing things to be judged favorably by the public.
Propaganda: During campaigns, democracy allows candidates to use propaganda as a way of winning against opponents. This ultimately results in a sort of deception to voters since they cannot determine facts from fiction. In the end, the people of India may elect leaders based on false promises and half truths.
Minorities Being Ignored: Democracy tends to favor groups with large numbers, and this leaves the minority out in the cold. This predicament may end up creating a majority dictatorship as the people with fewer numbers are often ignored and forced to live with decisions made by the majority even when not favorable to all.