The two broad reasons for conformity are informational influence and normative influence. Informational influence refers to situations where the person looks to others' behavior to behave correctly himself, particularly in social or work environments. Normative influence causes people to submit to the influence of others chiefly to avoid punishment or to gain a reward.Continue Reading
When conformity is caused by informative influence, individuals may look to group behaviors because they feel that people within the group have more information or experience than they do in specific situations or contexts. Thus, the individual seeks clues or cues from the group to determine how to act. One may consider socialization among children and adolescents as an illustration of this form of influence. Similarly, an individual new to a workplace may look to colleagues as models of how to carry himself or interact with the boss.
In cases of normative influence, the individual looks to conform out of a more precise fear of consequences. Following class rules to avoid detention is one example, but the differences between these two categories are often hazy. A teenager may look to the group for information as to how to fit in, but he may also fear the consequences of not doing so or feel the strain of peer pressure. This can be interpreted as a negative consequence, as conforming to the group is a way of avoiding social criticism, ridicule, teasing or bullying. Ultimately, conformity is a vehicle through which the individual isolates the norms of a particular group and then seeks to adhere to them in order to represent himself as a normal and acceptable member of that group.Learn more about Types of Government
A democracy is a government in which the people possess the ultimate power, while a dictatorship is a government in which the ruler possesses all the power. The exercise of power in a democracy varies, as the people may exercise their own voting power directly or through elected representatives through a free system of voting.Full Answer >
The people hold political power in a democracy. The system lets people choose their leaders through a competitive process and hold them accountable for their policies and conduct in public office. The people elect their representatives in law-making organs of the government, and those who lead them at national and state or local levels.Full Answer >
Aristocracy can be seen in both a positive and negative light since it can be considered a pro to allow the most educated people in a nation to make the biggest decisions regarding that nation, yet it can be considered a con to allow a few people to make important decisions for an entire people. In today's democratic world, the term aristocracy is typically considered negative because it often means that a small, wealthy portion of the population is controlling the entire nation, leading to a disparity in individual rights.Full Answer >
A constitutional democratic republic is a type of government based on the principles of a constitution in which officials elected by the people represent the people in the legislative and governing processes. A constitutional republic is not a direct democracy in that a mere plurality of the voters does not get to control the processes of the government directly.Full Answer >