Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark case regarding racial segregation in public schools heard by the U.S. Supreme Court from 1952 to 1954, according to the United States Courts. The court found that segregation violated the 14th Amendment and declared the practice unconstitutional.
Brown v. Board of Education challenged laws permitting or requiring racial segregation, which denied black children access to public schools that white children attended, according to the Oyez Project at Chicago-Kent College of Law. Although these schools offered identical facilities, it was argued that segregation supported inequality because it was seen as a sign of inferiority. The court concluded that "in the field of public education, the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place," as indicated by The National Center for Public Policy Research.
Charles Hamilton Houston originally led the legal challenge, but Thurgood Marshall later took over the case, and both were supported by a legal team, states the Brown Foundation. The Brown v. Board of Education case included three additional cases: Briggs v. Elliot, Davis v. Board of Education of Prince Edward County and Gebhart v. Belton. The same issue also arose in a separate but related case from the District of Columbia, Boiling v. Sharpe, according to the Oyez Project.