Case adjudication is the formal resolution of a case by the pronouncement of a judgment or decree by the court. The term applies to both civil and criminal cases. The term implies that the court has held a hearing, heard all relevant factual issues and made a decision so it is no longer considering the case.Know More
The courts resolve three types of cases through adjudication: those involving private parties, such as civil cases, those involving the government and private parties or criminal cases and those between public officials or bodies. The process involves notification of all interested parties along with opportunities to present arguments and evidence. Formal rules of evidence and procedure govern the process aimed at reaching a reasonable settlement, using a judge, jury or arbiter.
In certain locations, such as Florida, the judge has the option of settling a criminal case by withholding adjudication. In this case, the judge sentences the individual to a probationary sentence. Once the individual completes the terms of probation, the court closes the case without entering it into his record. While this option provides leeway for the judge and prevents the collateral damages of a conviction of a misdemeanor or felony, it is under attack. The legislature is enacting laws that specifically remove the option cases, such as those involving DUI, domestic abuse and capital offenses.Learn more about Law
People who legally change their name in California must file court papers, record the "Order to Show Cause for Change of Name" in a newspaper publication of general circulation once a week for four weeks and then ask the court for a decree. As of October 2014, this process usually takes up to three months, depending on the caseload of the court in question, notes the California Courts website.Full Answer >
A default judgment in small claims court is a money judgment that the court enters against a defendant who fails to defend against a claim brought against him, according to the Civil Law Self-Help Center in Las Vegas, Nevada. This typically involves the defendant failing to appear at the court hearing or failing to answer the written summons and complaint.Full Answer >
If a court judgment is not paid ,the debtor can start collection proceedings. The debtor can file collection proceedings if payment is not made within 30 days.Full Answer >
Steps to vacate a default judgment include preparing and filing a motion to vacate, and filing the motion with the court of jurisdiction, explains Credit Info Center. The defendant must become familiar with the legal terms of his state in order to properly prepare and file the motion.Full Answer >