Canadian immigration laws provide for several classes of immigrants, including business, family and refugee, and in some cases allows immigration for humanitarian reasons, notes the Library of Congress. Laws regarding who can immigrate to Canada and who is excluded are based primarily on the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act of 2001 and its amendments, which Citizenship and Immigration Canada and the Canada Border Services Agency administers.
The Canadian Federal Skilled Workers Program is a points-based system that utilizes education, languages, experience, age and whether or not the applicant has already arranged employment, states the Library of Congress. Applicants can gain additional points if their spouses are highly educated or if they have family members in Canada, as authorities believe these factors make people adaptable to Canadian life. People who wish to immigrate to Canada may also do so based on their sponsorship by family members, such as spouses and parents. The province of Quebec has its own immigration program and points system, with applicants fluent in French receiving more points.
Canadian immigration laws ban people from immigrating to the country if they have committed acts of espionage or terrorism or if authorities consider them to be a danger to the security of Canada, states the Government of Canada. Canada may also ban people who have committed human rights violations or who have been convicted of certain offenses, such as those punishable by imprisonment for at least 10 years.