The first step in suing someone for a slip-and-fall injury is to contact a lawyer who can help determine if the case is viable, according to Findlaw. It is best to do this as soon as possible because statutes of limitations or other time limits may be in force in certain jurisdictions.
Property or business owners are not liable for all falls that result in injury, as Nolo explains. There must be negligence, such as structural problems in the building or known hazards that owners ignore.
Even then, the court may find that the person who fell shares some responsibility. A person who is distracted and does not see a hazard that should have been noticeable may not be able to win a lawsuit.
An attorney can also help determine the entity to sue, according to Nolo. Success in a lawsuit often depends on bringing the suit against the right person. For example, if there is a structural problem in a rented property, the landlord may be liable for damages, and suing the renter may be a waste of time and money.
If an attorney determines that the case is viable, you can then progress to the next stages of filing a lawsuit, according to FindLaw. These include filing the complaint with the courts, a fact-finding phase and various other processes that involve lawyers for both sides working to resolve the case. Your lawyer can help you navigate these stages.