Mexican citizens can get U.S. passports only if they are also U.S. citizens, as submitting evidence of U.S. citizenship is one of the obligatory steps in applying for a U.S. passport, reports the U.S. Department of State. Mexican citizens can become U.S. citizens by birth or through naturalization, notes U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services.
Mexican citizens can become U.S. citizens if they are born in the United States, even if their parents are Mexican and they spend most of their lives abroad, explains Nolo. Mexican citizens with at least one parent or grandparent who is a U.S. citizen may also be eligible for citizenship depending on the laws in effect during the year of their birth. Mexican citizens may also derive citizenship from parents who become naturalized U.S. citizens.
To apply for U.S. citizenship through naturalization, Mexican citizens must be permanent residents of the United States for five years or more, be permanent residents for three years or more, and married to U.S. citizens, or serve in the U.S. armed forces, according to U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. They must fill in and submit Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, and take a naturalization test.
In addition to the usual documentation that they need when applying for U.S. passports, Mexican citizens may need to show proof that their parents are U.S. citizens and proof that they or their parents meet all U.S. residency requirements, points out Nolo. They may need to show birth, work and tax records as well as affidavits from their parents or grandparents. They can apply for passports at U.S. consulates abroad or passport offices in the United States.