Federal law prohibits individuals from profiting from the donation of a kidney, according to FindLaw. Selling a kidney is punishable by prison time and a substantial fine.
The National Organ Transplant Act imposes penalties, including five years in prison and a fine, on individuals convicted of buying or selling human organs, advises Findlaw. Kidney donors may only be reimbursed for reasonable expenses directly flowing from the donation itself, including hotel expenses, airfare and lost wages, calculated according to the law of the state where the transplant took place. Post-operative costs such as health insurance are not reimbursable. In some states, relatives of a deceased organ donor may receive compensation.