If an individual needs to have his fingerprints taken for the FBI, he can do so at his local law enforcement agency, the FBI notes. There are a number of channelers that process fingerprinting as well, such as 3M Cogent Systems, Accurate Biometrics and Eid Passport, Inc.
A person's fingerprints identify all relevant information in that individual's life: his name, date of birth, employment history and arrests, the Law Dictionary explains. The Federal Bureau of Investigation maintains a fingerprint database that includes a list of a person's criminal arrest dates, the charges and any disposition of cases. Certain situations could link a police report to fingerprint records, including accidents and insurance information.
When a fingerprint background check is ordered, it could take a couple of weeks to a month to deliver results. Some entities provide an electronic application method where the fingerprint record is certified. States have their own regulations when it comes to requiring a fingerprint background check. Some states mandate that a fingerprint background check be done for employees who work in the education field around children. If an organization wants a fingerprint background check done for licensing, housing or adoption, it can make the request from a state identification bureau, the FBI itself or a channeler. That entity must have legal authority to request this personal information, the Law Dictionary notes.