The first 10 amendments to the Constitution are referred to as the Bill of Rights. The amendments were focused on individual rights because the first constitution did not highlight specific individual rights.
James Madison, who was then a member of the House, wrote the amendments with the intention of creating a greater protection for individuals and restricting the power of the government. Out of the total amendments written by Madison, 17 were approved by the House. The Senate then approved 12 amendments out of the 17. Later, states approved 10 amendments of the 12. Several states wanted a list of all actions that the government could not do. On December 15, 1791, the Bill of Rights was ratified, and it is still recognized to this date.