California's toughest prison systems are thought to be both Pelican Bay State Prison in Crescent City and the LA County Jail in Los Angeles. LA County Jail is often referred to as Twin Towers Correctional Facility.
Each was listed in "America's 10 Worst Prisons" by Mother Jones. Pelican Bay Sate Prison is infamous for the number of inmates in solitary confinement. At this particular prison, solitary means spending roughly 23 hours of the day locked in a stark white room with no windows. Of the 1,500 prisoners in solitary, around 500 of them have been incarcerated for more than a decade, and close to 80 have been there for 20 years. Being housed in the security housing unit for an excessive amount of time is thought by many to be cruel and unusual punishment.
The Twin Towers Correctional Facility is thought to be one of California's toughest jails on account of rumors and eyewitness reports of deputy brutality with little to no provocation. The administration is known for disregarding reports of deputy brutality and blatantly throwing out evidence. This facility also has the reputation for having the highest population of any correctional facility in the nation, with around 9,500 inmates on any given day.