The steps through which a bill becomes a law in the Philippines include preparation, first reading, committee action, second reading, third reading, the senate's concurrence, the house's concurrence, conference committee, submission to the president, presidential action and action on approved bill. Much of the required legislation of the Philippines considered by the Congress usually originates from the Executive Branch.
The bill needs to be prepared and drafted by a member prior to the first reading. During the first reading, the bill is reproduced and the Secretary General reads its title and number. The bill is referred to the Committee by the speaker where a public hearing is organized. At this point, it may initiate amendments after the public hearing. After its approval, it is passed to the second reading. Here, the report is registered and numbered. The Secretary General reads the title, number and content of the bill and a debate, amendments and voting follows.
During the third reading, copies are reproduced and the bill is listed on the Calendar of Bills. A nominal voting also occurs at this stage and no amendment is accepted. If approved, it is transmitted to the senate. If the senate approves, it is passed to the house. The bill then moves to the conference committee where it is reviewed and a report is prepared. Both houses receive the report for consideration. The bill is signed by the speaker and the senate president before it is transmitted to the president. If the president approves it, it is given an RA number and returned to the house where it originated. The bill is produced in copies and sent for publication.