Ben Carson spent nearly 30 years as the director of pediatric neurosurgery at the Johns Hopkins Children's Center, where he was the first surgeon to successfully perform a variety of procedures, including the separation of twins conjoined at the head. Carson was also the first doctor to place an intrauterine shunt in a fetus successfully.
A variety of organizations have honored Carson for his medical accomplishments. For example, President George W. Bush presented Carson with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and the NAACP has awarded him its highest honor, the Spingarn Medal. Additionally, he has been awarded more than 40 honorary doctorate degrees.
In addition to his medical accomplishments, Carson has written eight books about his experiences, personal philosophy and religious fath, one of which became the made-for-TV movie, "Gifted Hands."
Carson has also served in a wide range of capacities in various organizations. He was a member of the board of directors for the Kellogg Company, Costco Wholesale Corporation and the governing body of Yale University. In 2004, President Bush appointed Carson to the President's Council on Bioethics.
Today, Carson and his wife run the Carson Scholars Fund, which awards scholarships to students around the United States and establishes and maintains reading rooms in schools.