Privacy laws exist at state and federal levels and depend on the privacy topic, such as arrest records or employment data, explains EPIC.org. A basic guideline is that the strictest privacy law takes precedence, as noted by the American Psychological Association when discussing the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act.
Another important consideration for online material is the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act, which regulates online use by children under 13 years of age, according to the Federal Trade Commission. A safe-harbor age restriction allows an age check verification to provide compliance. All online material must meet the laws for children's privacy.