The baby bonus in Canada was a welfare program that provided a monthly stipend for qualifying children of World War II soldiers. As of 2015, the Canadian government offers similar assistance to families under the Canada Child Tax Benefit.
The idea was conceived by the National War Labour Board in 1943, and it was enacted in 1944. Parents and guardians that registered for the program received $5 every month for each child under the age of 6, $6 for children from the ages of 6 to 9, $7 for children aged 10 to 12, and $8 for children between 13 and 15 years of age. Families were able to collect the full amount for up to five children.
The program ended in 1984, but was replaced in 1993 by the Child Tax benefit. In 1998, the National Child Benefit Supplement was created to help offset the costs of raising children for Canadian families. To qualify for payments National Child Benefit Supplement payments, a parent or guardian must be the primary caregiver, live with the child and be a Canadian citizen, permanent residents, protected person or a temporary resident who lived in Canada for the past 18 months. The family's income must also be within the guidelines. Parents and guardians that have shared custody must also share the National Child Benefit Supplement.