The Continental Congress formed the Army on June 14, 1775, due to the lack of an organized military at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. The Congress initially authorized 10 companies of riflemen to protect the colonies for one year.
Prior to the formation of the Army, each colony was responsible for choosing, equipping, paying and supporting the soldiers it sent to fight in the Revolutionary War. In addition to forming the Army on June 14, 1775, the Continental Congress also voted for $2 million in funding for the troops and formed a committee to draft Army rules and regulations. George Washington became commander-in-chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775, and took formal command in July of that year in Boston.