Apply for Social Security benefits or Supplementary Security Income for children by phone or in person at a Social Security office. Bring the child's birth certificate and Social Security number, the Social Security number of the parent whose work record qualifies for Social Security, and other necessary documents.
A biological child, dependent stepchild or adopted child qualifies for dependent or survivors Social Security benefits if a parent qualifying for Social Security is disabled, retired or deceased. The child must be younger than 18 and unmarried, or a student in elementary or secondary school who is under 19 or has not yet graduated. Disabled children over 17 can continue to receive benefits as long as medical evidence proves continued disability. Adults applying for survivors benefits on behalf of a child must furnish documents proving the death of the parent. Applications for Social Security Disability Insurance should include details on the child's medical condition, medical reports, dates of visits to hospitals and doctors and contact information for doctors.
Those applying for Supplementary Security Income on behalf of a child must provide not only medical evidence of the disability, but also documents proving that the amount of income and resources of the child and family members in the child's household falls under the maximum amount allowed. The SSA passes on the medical information to the state Disability Determination Services office. If the medical records are insufficient for a determination, the DDS may make an appointment for the child to have a medical examination.