Important amendments to the U.S. Constitution are the First, Second, Fourth, 19th and 23rd Amendments. These amendments cover issues including the right to religious freedom and worship, the right to bear arms, search and arrest warrants, women's voting rights and voting eligibility for residents of the District of Columbia.
The First Amendment is part of the original Bill of Rights and focuses on freedom in matters of religion, speech, the press and assembly. This amendment guarantees the freedom of religion among citizens and also forbids the government from establishing a state religion. It also guarantees the freedom to disseminate ideas through speech and the press. Also a part of the Bill of Rights is the Second Amendment, which guarantees the right of citizens to defend themselves, including through the use of arms. The Fourth Amendment protects citizens against unreasonable searches and seizures. It governs the use of warrants for legal searches.
The 19th Amendment of 1920 recognized the rights of women to vote. The amendment was the product of decades of work in the women's suffrage movement. The 23rd Amendment gave the District of Columbia the right to participate in presidential elections by outlining the procedure for choosing electors from the region.