Greenpeace, a national and internationally established environmental organization, promotes minimizing environmental harm to ensure health for humans, wildlife and Earth's habitats. Greenpeace formed in 1971 in Vancouver, Canada. It operates in countries around the world, including the United States, focusing on regional, national and international environmental issues.
Greenpeace is classified as a non-governmental organization (NGO). It focuses on environmental problems such as toxic chemicals, nuclear energy, deforestation, commercial whaling and sustainable agriculture. Greenpeace seeks non-confrontational methods for achieving positive change. It uses research, educational outreach and direct action for communicating messages and raising citizens' awareness of environmental hazards. Additionally, Greenpeace employees lobby politicians to effect legislative changes and encourages citizens to do the same.
Greenpeace campaigns include abating global warming, protecting oceans from over-fishing, reducing forest exploitation and minimizing drilling in the Arctic. This organization seeks improvement for human habitats around the world too. It promotes using renewable energy to reduce dependency on fossil fuels, which in turn enhances national security. Greenpeace encourages corporations' adoption of sound environmental practices such as reducing energy consumption and recycling. In the United States, Greenpeace targets areas at high risk of harm from toxic substances. It advocates using safer alternatives to offset health and environmental hazards generated by toxic chemicals. Greenpeace finances its campaigns through funding from individuals and organizations in the private sector.