The international League of Nations existed primarily to promote peace among nations worldwide and resolve international conflicts. The League of Nations formed in 1914 and established headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland. The League formed from the vision of United States President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never officially joined the League.
President Wilson outlined a vision for an international forum for dispute resolution in his document called Fourteen Points, which outlined a broad plan for bringing peace to Europe. Wilson introduced the concept of the League of Nations as the last in his series of points. His vision derived from the experiences of war-weary Europe, which entered the year of 1914 following 4 years of internal warfare. Europeans welcomed Wilson's plan, enthusiastic for peace rather than conflict. The organization envisioned by Wilson enhanced security of member nations by offering political independence and full control over undisputed lands. Wilson argued the political and territorial securities of members nations generated peaceful motives throughout the wider European continent too. Americans supported Wilson's proposal as well, and rallied behind his efforts to promote peace. Despite enjoying public support, Wilson faced opposition from Congress. Republican majority leaders in Congress objected to the plan, citing concerns of the United States engaging in international affairs and joining an expensive organization.