What Are the Advantages of Unitary Government?

Unitary governments draw praise for creating uniform laws, policies and administrative procedures, and for fostering a national sense of unity and stability. Unitary governments are essentially those that operate under a central system of power. In these government systems, all powers vested in the government are held by a single, central controlling agency.

Unitary governments are found across the world, including the United Kingdom. They are characterized by the existence of a single controlling entity, such as a parliament, which assumes control of all governmental operations. Under unitary governments, local governments (such as town and state governments) exist, but have little functional purpose. Local governments, under this system of rule, have the power to step in to perform administrative tasks and relieve the central body of administrative burdens only when absolutely necessary.

Citizens of nations controlled by unitary governments as well as political analysts laud this type of government for its ability to create a single and efficient method of governance. By creating uniform laws and policies, the government reduces duplicative efforts, leading to reduced costs for carrying out government tasks, and less risk of tensions and conflicts between operations at federal and local levels. Unitary governments are also praised for creating a sense of unity and offering a stable structure of governance.