Q:

What are the advantages of unitary government?

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Unitary governments draw praise for creating uniform laws, policies and administrative procedures, and for fostering a national sense of unity and stability. Unitary governments are essentially those that operate under a central system of power. In these government systems, all powers vested in the government are held by a single, central controlling agency.

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Unitary governments are found across the world, including the United Kingdom. They are characterized by the existence of a single controlling entity, such as a parliament, which assumes control of all governmental operations. Under unitary governments, local governments (such as town and state governments) exist, but have little functional purpose. Local governments, under this system of rule, have the power to step in to perform administrative tasks and relieve the central body of administrative burdens only when absolutely necessary.

Citizens of nations controlled by unitary governments as well as political analysts laud this type of government for its ability to create a single and efficient method of governance. By creating uniform laws and policies, the government reduces duplicative efforts, leading to reduced costs for carrying out government tasks, and less risk of tensions and conflicts between operations at federal and local levels. Unitary governments are also praised for creating a sense of unity and offering a stable structure of governance.

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  • Q:

    What is the difference between a unitary and a federal state?

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    A unitary state keeps all power under the control of the central government, while a federal state splits power between central authorities and local or regional governments. Typically, a federal state has a constitution or other supreme law of the land that outlines the powers granted to both the central and local governments. The United States is an example of a federal state.

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  • Q:

    What are the disadvantages of the unitary system?

    A:

    The disadvantages of a unitary system include a lack of power balances, the possibility for slow national response because the national government must control everything, the lack of power in the local government and a lack of representation among its citizens. The British government is a unitary system and the United States government is a federalist system.

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  • Q:

    What is the definition of "national unity"?

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    National unity refers to a type of government formed by a group of parties, generally during times of emergency. These governments are said to be unified by a love of country rather than by political affiliation.

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  • Q:

    What is centralized federalism?

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    Centralized federalism revolves around the idea that the federal government should be the one setting national policy, and the state and local governments must be the ones to carry out these policies. Great Britain and France are examples of a centralized federalism.

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