One advantage of federalism in the United States is that this system of government provides protection against legislative abuse and tyranny. Federalism increases government efficiency and allows more diversity in politics.
Federalism is a system of government in which two or more government entities control the same region. In the United States, power is shared between the federal government, state governments and local governments.
Federalism divides power and prevents the national government from having a monopoly of control. This is beneficial because it is impractical to expect one national rule to apply to all situations across the nation. Different locations have varying populations and needs, so one blanket rule does not apply.
More types of people can get into politics when there are state and local governments, which allows for a more diverse group of officials to represent people. More than 1 million people hold local political offices. These people are already well-known in their communities and can represent the constituents in their area more efficiently than an official from Washington could. These local officials are also more trusted by the public at large, which puts them in a better position to rally people and find solutions to issues.
Allowing state and local governments their share of power means that community problems are resolved in a timely and specific manner. It is not feasible to expect the federal government to handle every community problem, so regional governments step in to manage the areas they know best. This allows important centers and services within a community, such as police departments, schools, garbage disposal facilities and street lighting services, to function without time-consuming interruptions or bureaucratic red tape.