The advantages of a bicameral legislature include stability, more varied representation and the passing of quality legislation. The disadvantages include deadlock and unequal representation. A majority of the countries in the world have bicameral legislatures.Continue Reading
The stability of a bicameral legislative system comes from the ability of the two houses to check each other's power. This prevents a dictatorship of the majority and avoids the passing of legislation based merely on popularity. The houses in a bicameral legislature are typically elected or selected through different processes, allowing for more versatility and forms of representation. In the United States, for instance, members of the House of Representatives are elected in district elections every two years, while members of the Senate are elected in state-wide elections every six years. Because the process in such a legislative system is slower, it forces quality decision-making and compromise that is often not seen in unicameral legislatures.
Bicameral legislatures do have their disadvantages, however, among the primary of which is deadlock, or an inability to pass legislation because neither house is willing to budge on its version of a bill. Bicameral parliaments also often have houses whose members wield equal voting power, although they may represent a significantly different number of voters. In the United States, for instance, the most populous and least populous state have the same number of senators.Learn more about Types of Government
The purpose of a bicameral legislature is to represent two differing interests, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. Wikipedia states that a bicameral legislature also provides checks and balances, and it prevents the passage of bad legislation.Full Answer >
A two-house legislature is called a bicameral legislature; the United States has a bicameral legislature. The bicameral legislature of the United States has two divisions: the Senate and the House of Representatives.Full Answer >
A parliamentary republic government is a government system that operates under a parliamentary system where an executive branch is held accountable to the legislature. The majority of these governments are led by a head of state while others are led by a mixed leadership of a head of state plus the government head.Full Answer >
Some positive aspects of democracy are its inclusion of diverse perspectives, its beneficial effects on citizens' character and the stability that it provides to government. As stated by the U.S. Department of State, these positive aspects allow democratically governed nations to better secure peace, expand markets, promote economic development, prevent international crime, uphold human rights, protect the global environment and protect human health.Full Answer >