To adopt a child in Memphis, Tennessee, a person must be a resident of the state for at least six months and be at least 18. She must take part in a home study program to learn about the requirements for adoption and allow the child’s social worker to approve the adoption, says FindLaw. The state only allows licensed child placing agencies, licensed social workers, prospective adoptive parents or lawyers to advertise for child placement, according to Child Adoption Laws.
A home study provides an assessment of a prospective adoptive parent’s ability to provide for a child’s financial and emotional needs, says Child Adoption Laws. To advertise for child placement, out-of-state placement agencies must have authorization to operate in Tennessee and must maintain a physical operating office in the state. A parent who is below 18 years may give parental consent to adoption or waiver her parental interest, which paves the way for the court to appoint a guardian for the child.
Surrender of a child to a prospective adoptive parent is only valid if the adopting parent has physical custody of the child or anticipates custody within five days of surrender by the birth parent or guardian. An affidavit, signed by the consenting parent and the person receiving the child, must also accompany the surrender, explains Child Adoption Laws.