The Aadhaar card provides unique identification for all resident Indian citizens. Issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India, the card bears a 12-digit unique ID number that can be used as a proof of identity. It can be used by various applications that are identity-based, such as passport and ration card and for availing direct benefit transfers.
The Aadhaar ID number on the Aadhaar card is a randomly generated number that is unique to every resident Indian individual and is valid throughout his lifetime. The card identifies people based on their biometrics and demographic details.
The card can be used as a proof of address throughout India and can give individuals access to various services, including connections for mobile phones and banking. It can also be used to access various government and non-government services.
Using the Aadhaar card, Indian citizens can take advantage of unemployment benefit schemes and public subsidies such as those for cooking gas connections. In such cases, the benefit or subsidy amount is transferred directly to an Aadhaar-linked bank account of the individual.
The objective of the Aadhaar card is to do away with fake identifies existing in the databases of the private and government sectors. It also aims to enable poor individuals to identify themselves to the banks for transacting micropayments.
Enrollment for the card is not mandatory, but is available for all citizens, including infants and children.