As of 2015, many versions of the Patient’s Bill of Rights exist. The U.S. government uses a specific Patient's Bill of Rights to accompany the Affordable Care Act, but individual facilities also issue their own versions to govern medical care, according to the American Cancer Society. Under the Affordable Care Act, patients have the right to insurance regardless of pre-existing conditions, a clear summary of benefits and an explanation for premium increases greater than 10 percent.
The U.S. government's Patient's Bill of Rights, which was instituted in 2010, also ensures that children can remain on a parent's policy until the age of 26, and it allows insured people to receive preventative screenings without paying additional fees. The document also banned coverage limits for essential medical services such as emergency room visits and doctor consultations, as the American Cancer Society explains.
Regional associations also publish Patient's Bill of Rights documents to govern member facilities. The North Carolina Hospital Association states that all patients can expect to receive respectful health care regardless of background, payment method or cultural values. Patients also have the right to refuse treatment and actively participate in making health care decisions. Member hospitals agree to protect the patient's privacy and to provide clear explanations about illnesses and continuing care.