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What is the 1st Amendment?

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Quick Answer

The First Amendment refers to the initial amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America. It guarantees freedom of expression, religion, assembly and the right to petition.

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Full Answer

The amendment prevents the federal government from adopting an official religion or promoting one over another. It also guarantees the freedom to hold religious beliefs and opinions, but does not legalize practices like human sacrifice that would otherwise be in violation of the law.

Political speech is protected by this amendment, including speech critical of the government, and the right to assemble and protest. The press is also guaranteed freedom from government intervention in the dissemination of information, ideas and opinions.

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