The 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution declares citizenship to all people that are either born in or nationalized in the United States. The 14th Amendment also ensures that all citizens receive equal protection under the law.
The 14th Amendment became part of the U.S. Constitution on July 9, 1868. It is composed of five sections. In one section, the amendment declares that states may not make or enforce laws that take away the privileges of U.S citizens. This section is frequently in legal cases over a broad spectrum of topics including racial discrimination, reproductive rights, election recounts and gender discrimination.