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What does the 14th Amendment say?

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Quick Answer

According to the National Archives and Records Administration, there are five sections to the Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution. The Amendment states requirements for due process, citizenship rights for the purpose of voting, conditions upon the U.S. Congress and the obligation of the U.S. Congress to pay its debts.

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Full Answer

Section one sets the rights of alleged criminals and all citizens before the law and lays out the concept of due process. It insures that those within the legal system do not violate a citizen’s basic rights. Section two grants that Representatives whom the citizens elect to Congress are a proportion of the voters in the state. Section three bars any person that acts in a rebellion from federal office. Section four requires that the U.S. Congress honor its debt, unless debts occur as a result of insurrection. Section five gives the U.S. Congress the power to uphold the amendment.

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  • Q:

    What are some details about the 14th Amendment?

    A:

    The Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution grants citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the U.S., declares that states may not deny any person life, liberty or property without due process of law, and says that a state may not deny a person the equal protection of the law. The three clauses are called: the Citizenship Clause, the Due Process Clause, and the Equal Protection Clause.

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  • Q:

    What is the definition of incorporation theory?

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    Incorporation theory refers to the act of the U.S. Supreme Court applying federal protections in the Bill of Rights to the states using the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, according to Bill of Rights Institute. Under this theory, both federal and state laws must adhere to certain amendments in the Bill of Rights.

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  • Q:

    What is an informal amendment?

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    An informal amendment to the United States Constitution is one that occurs through non-traditional processes such as "de facto" changes of law. These processes of amendment, which may be the result of either circumstantial social change or judicial review, are considered non-traditional because they are not specified in the Constitution as legitimate means by which amendments can be made.

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    In which amendment is it specified that you are innocent until proven guilty?

    A:

    The idea of being innocent until proven guilty does not appear in any of the Constitutional amendments, but is, in fact, a part of common law. It is not a right granted by the Constitution.

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