The 14th Amendment was passed by a 33 to 11 margin by the Senate on June 8, 1866, and the House of Representatives passed it on June 13, 1866, by a margin of 120 to 32. The amendment was ratified over two years later on July 9, 1868.
The 14th Amendment, along with the 13th and 15th Amendments, dealt with issues over which the Civil War was fought, and they were passed during the period of Reconstruction. The 14th Amendment gave the former slaves their citizenship. It stated that every person born or naturalized in the United States was a citizen, and it guaranteed equal protection under the law.