Zanzibar is an archipelago situated in the Indian Ocean and adjacent to the eastern coast of Tanzania. After gaining its independence from Britain in 1963, Zanzibar joined Tanzania (formerly called Tanganyika). The Zanzibar Archipelago consists of anÂ island group of whichÂ three are the main islands.Continue Reading
Two of its islands are Zanzibar and Pemba, which are also well-known for producing spices like cinnamon, vanilla and nutmeg. For this reason, Zanzibar is sometimes called the "Spice Island."
Although Zanzibar is part of Tanzania, it has its own autonomous government. The capital is called Zanzibar City, and Stone Town is a historical heritage site. Its population is approximately 1 million. Although Swahili is the official language, English is also spoken in Zanzibar.Learn more about Africa