Nicaragua is located in Central America, the portion of the Western hemisphere that connects the North American continent with the South American continent. Specifically, Nicaragua shares its northern border with Honduras and its southern border with Costa Rica.
On a world map, Nicaragua is found approximately halfway between the Tropic of Cancer and the Equator. If the map has latitude and longitude markings, Nicaragua is located by pinpointing 12.6°N 85.9°W. Nicaragua is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea in the east. Excluding Mexico, Nicaragua has the largest area of any Central American country. Nicaragua is also notable on a map for Lake Nicaragua, the largest lake in Central America, in the country's southern region.
The country has three main regions: the Caribbean lowlands in the east, the Pacific lowlands in the west and the central highlands. Nicaragua has 19 active volcanoes, most of which run in a chain along the country's western side. Lake Nicaragua, located in the country's south-west region, contains over 300 small islands known as the Granada Islets. Nicaragua also owns the Corn Islands: two large islands located east of the country's Caribbean coast.