What Were the Main Contributory Factors of Filipino Nationalism?

The primary contributory factors of Filipino nationalism were the economic concerns of the Filipino people, the educational practices introduced by the Spaniards that gave Filipinos an awareness of European history and the secularization of the parishes, which pushed people towards the idea of revolution. All of these factors combined to create a strong nationalist sentiment that was felt by many Filipino people.

In a historic sense, Filipino nationalism is usually referred to by historians as the period during the early 1800s when the people of the Philippines finally decided to aggressively push for independence from Spain following more than two centuries of European rule.

Ultimately, three primary factors led to the Philippine Revolution of 1896:

  • Economics - the Spanish took great steps to increase the economic output of the Philippines, exploiting the natural resources of the archipelago and building the first paper mill in 1825
  • Education - the King of Spain decreed that schools were built and children were taught the rudiments of European history, leading to an increased awareness of such pivotal events as the French Revolution and an increasingly intellectual population interested in governing their own affairs
  • Secularization - King Carlos III ordered the expulsion of Jesuit priests from the country, and as the Philippines was now largely Christian, it caused great upheaval

All three factors, combined with several large propaganda campaigns, inevitably led to the Philippine Revolution in 1896.