The preamble and 11 orders enumerated by the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut governed the colony from 1639 until 1662. This document, which governed Hartford, Windsor and Wethersfield, followed other codified laws in New England at the time, except in a more compact form. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were inspired by Thomas Hooker's sermon delivered May 31, 1638.Continue Reading
The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut proscribed that the colony elect one governor and six magistrates. No one could serve as governor more than once every two years. The General Court, or elected body established by the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, convened every September and April. During the fall term, men were nominated by deputies from each town for governor and magistrate. Every April term featured the election, meaning a governor's term was just one year.
The governor and magistrates served as the upper house of the Connecticut General Court. Freemen in each town elected deputies, the representatives of each town at the General Court sessions. The General Court handled lawmaking, administrative duties, judicial process and executive authority over Connecticut, with no mention of England or the English monarchy.
Despite the Puritan origins of the preamble, no religious test was ascribed to voters. The General Court was regarded as the supreme authority of the colony until the charter of Connecticut in 1662. The Fundamental Orders of Connecticut were based on a similar document in Massachusetts.Learn more about The Northeast
Interesting facts about Bristol, Connecticut, are that the city is home to ESPN, its original industry was clock making, its industrial park employs over 800 people at 23 businesses and its Lake Compounce is the oldest continuously operating amusement park in the United States. Bristol has a population of 60,502, as of October 2015, and is located 20 miles west of Hartford, Connecticut, and 120 miles southwest of Boston, Massachusetts.Full Answer >
The Geography of colonial Connecticut was characterized by heavily wooded areas and rocky soil that was not suitable for farming. The colony also bordered the Atlantic Ocean in the south, which facilitated healthy fishing and shipping industries. The eastern part of the state is hilly.Full Answer >
While Europeans explored the area as early as 1614, a group of English Puritans led by Thomas Hooker founded the Connecticut colony in 1635 or 1636. English settlements at Windsor, Wethersfield and Hartford united in 1639 to create the constitution known as the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut.Full Answer >
The state flower of Connecticut is the mountain laurel. The blossoms of pink, red and white typically bloom in spring and dark green foliage remains on the plant year round. The mountain laurel is native to the eastern regions of North America.Full Answer >