Some criteria used in choosing Rizal as the National Hero of the Philippines were his contribution to the Philippines' fate and standard of living, and his input into creating a life of order and freedom for Philippines. Other criteria used were Rizal's idea for the Philippines as a country and his continuous fight for his country's freedom.
Born on June 19, 1861, Jose Rizal was a poet, activist, doctor and journalist. Through his writings and books like "Noli Me Tangere" and "El Filibusterismo," he chose to highlight the actions of Spanish rulers in his homeland, and he sought to gain freedom for his country. He was the founder of Liga Filipino, a society that was focused on reform via non-violence. The Spanish executed him in 1896.