What Were the Causes of the Filipino Revolts?

The Filipino Revolts were caused by resentment against Spanish colonial power and by the spread of revolutionary ideas from Europe in the wake of the building of the Suez Canal. These and other factors contributed to the outbreak of several subsequent revolutions in the 19th century which finally resolved at the beginning of the 20th century.

In 1896, hostilities began between Filipino natives and occupying colonial Spanish forces. A small-scale revolt, localized to the Cavite Province, predated this conflict, occurring in 1872. Revolutionary ideologies trickling in from Europe incited Filipino resistance groups to fight against the oppression of the Spanish.

Secret resistance among the Filipinos began to gather throughout the 1880s and 1890s before coming to a head in 1892 with the founding of Liga Filipina by Emilio Aguinaldo, a revolutionary leader. This group and others like it led to a concrete and concerted fight for freedom which eventually won out.

Filipino victory over the Spanish occurred in 1897 with the arrest and execution of Boniface. It was Aguinaldo who gave this order, and shortly thereafter he sided with the United States against Spain in their conflict over Cuba. He felt this show of good faith would lead to recognition, but instead he was taken prisoner and the Philippines were seized by an expansionist, aggressive United States.